So, what are the limitations as to the jurisdictions of the States vs. the federal government? Here are some hints…
“A State does not owe its origin to the Government of the United States, in the highest or in any of its branches. It (the State) was in existence before it(the federal US). It derives its authority from the same pure and sacred source as itself: the voluntary and deliberate choice of the people… A State is altogether exempt from the jurisdiction of the Courts of the United States, or from any other exterior authority, unless in the special circumstances when the general Government has power derived from the Constitution itself.” Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 Dall. (U.S.) 419 (Dall.) (1793)
“New states, upon their admission to the Union, become invested with equal rights and are subject only to such restrictions as are imposed upon the states already admitted. There can be no state of the Union whose sovereignty or freedom of action is in any respect different from that of any other state. There can be no restriction upon any state other than one prescribed upon all the states by the Federal Constitution. Congress, in admitting a state, cannot restrict such state by bargain. The state, by so contracting with Congress, is in no way bound by such a contract, however irrevocable it is stated to be. It is said that subject to the restraint and limitations of the Federal Constitution, the states have all the sovereign powers of independent nations over all persons and things within their respective territorial limits.” 16 Am. Juris. 2d, Sovereignty of states §281
Hmmm… then why does the federal government exert such authority within our State? Is their authority lawful, or criminal?
“If the time shall ever arrive when, for an object appealing, however strongly, to our sympathies, the dignity of the states shall bow to the dictation of Congress by conforming their legislation thereto, when the power and majesty and honor of those who created shall become subordinate to the thing of their creation, I but feebly utter my apprehensions when I express my firm conviction that we shall see ‘the beginning of the end.’” Steward Machine Co. v. Davis, 301 U.S. 548 (1937).
28 U.S.C. §297 – Assignment of judges to courts of the freely associated compact states
(a) The Chief Justice or the chief judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit may assign any circuit or district court judge of the Ninth Circuit, with the consent of the judge so assigned, to serve temporarily as a judge of any duly constituted court of the freely associated compact states, whenever an official duly authorized by the laws of the respective compact state requests such assignment and such assignment is necessary for the proper dispatch of the business of the respective court.
(b) The Congress consents to the acceptance and retention by any judge so authorized of reimbursement from the countries referred to in subsection (a) of all necessary travel expenses, including transportation, and of subsistence, or of a reasonable per diem allowance in lieu of subsistence. The judge shall report to the Administrative Office of the United States Courts any amount received pursuant to this subsection.
“The States between each other are sovereign and independent. They are distinct and separate sovereignties, except so far as they have parted with some of the attributes of sovereignty by the Constitution. They continue to be nations, with all their rights, and under all their national obligations, and with all the rights of nations in every particular; except in the surrender by each to the common purposes and objects of the Union, under the Constitution. The rights of each State, when not so yielded up, remain absolute.” Bank of Augusta v. Earle, 38 U.S. (13 Pet.) 519; 10 L.Ed. 274 (1839)
I’d say that our State has surrendered to (or become and accessory with) our corrupt federal government. Ok, so what are the lawful limits of federal authority?
“It is clear that Congress, as a legislative body, exercise two species of legislative power: the one, limited as to its objects, but extending all over the Union; the other, an absolute, exclusive legislative power over the District of Columbia. The preliminary inquiry in the case now before the Court, is, by virtue of which of these authorities was the law in question passed?” Cohens v. Virginia, 19 U.S. 264 (1821)
“The law of Congress in respect to those matters do not extend into the territorial limits of the states, but have force only in the District of Columbia, and other places that are within the exclusive jurisdiction of the national government.” Caha v. United States, 152 U.S. 211 (1894)
Federal authority is limited in the States and unlimited only in DC and the territories. Is the income tax Constitutional? If not, then where can Congress impose it? In Washington DC and federal territories. Then why are they imposing it within the State? Two reasons: either 1) we were fooled into ‘volunteering’ to pay the tax under threat of force, or 2) at some point in time our States reverted to territory status. This would explain why the southern states couldn’t secede. If they were truly independent nations, they could opt out of the Union at will. After all, nations change their status in relation to each other, forging alliances and breaking them, all the time.
“There is no such thing as a power of inherent sovereignty in the government of the United States… In this country, sovereignty resides in the people, and Congress can exercise no power which they have not, by their Constitution, entrusted to it. All else is withheld.” Juilliard v. Greenman, 110 U.S. 421 (1884)
“The United States government is a foreign corporation with respect to a state.” N.Y. re: Merriam, 36 N.E. 505, 141 N.Y. 479; Affirmed 16 S.Ct. 1973, 41 L.Ed. 287.
If our government were operating lawfully, acts of Congress would not apply to the People but only to those territories under Congress’ plenary power. The States are supposed to have authority to govern (and protect) the People of America. The States have surrendered, or ignored, their responsibility to protect their people and now We the People are at the whims of the tyrants in DC. This isn’t how it was supposed to be.
The federal government was given jurisdiction over foreign affairs and commerce between, not within, states, the only exceptions to this general rule is subject matter within the states over the following:
- Slavery under the 13th Amendment
- Counterfeiting under Article 1, Section 8, Clause 5 of the Constitution
- Mail under Article 1, Section 8, Clause 7 of the Constitution
- Assault and infractions against its own officers under Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18
- Treason under Article 3, Section 3, Clause 2
Also included in the above list is the power to coin money (surrendered to the private banks of the “federal reserve”). Do you see any authority for an FCC, FBI, CIA, EPA, etc., etc., etc.? How will it be possible to reign the fed in? Not sure it will end peaceably when you have what amounts to an organized criminal syndicate acting as our government.